Ritalin works by changing the amounts of certain natural substances in the brain. Methylphenidate belongs to a class of drugs known as stimulants. It can help increase your ability to pay attention, stay focused on an activity, and control behavior problems. It may also help you to organize your tasks and improve listening skills.
Ritalin medication is also used to treat a certain sleep disorder (narcolepsy). It is a central nervous system stimulant. It affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.